Tag Archives: security

Nyanya Bomb Blast – Another Wake Up Call

Philip Keshiro, DRI Nigeria

To view this article in its original location, please click here.

I would have commented on the Malaysian Air Incident but for the fact that my mother died during this period and was buried on the 11th April 2014. The various activities relating to the burial were too much for me to sit and write.

The recent Nyanya bomb blast is another tragedy with no answer and most of the things I have been reading or commentaries on TV are not the solution.

What then is the solution?

It is unfortunate that when you want to hide a secret from people in our race, just put it in the book. This is with a lot of apology.

Issues of Security and Emergencies should be handled bottom up, not top down approach. A top down approach breeds passivity, lack of coordination, and makes mockery of our nation.

Please in your mind kindly compare what occur in Boston last year with what happened in Nyanya.



We are yet to identify those that drove the car and ran away as reported Within 24 hours the identity of the culprits were known and broadcasted – No sentiment
All agencies worked together without any statement such as ;we are on red alert etc We witnessed actions televised live.
No periodic update to members of the public – No concrete information yet There was periodic information, with the US President categorically saying, we will get ‘you’.
This may be the end of the investigation as the Kano case. The terrorists were caught with one dead and another injured within a week of the incident

What is the difference between security personnel abroad and ours?

–          They have data gathering capability (even on the spot)

–          Trained to focus first on issues of life (Human Life comes first)

–          Well trained to read and analyze situation

–          Aware of new technology or trends


The Nigerian DRAFT Pandemic Response Plan categorically states the following as shown below, breaking down how the nation should plan for pandemic related disasters, however, IT IS THE SAME PRINCIPLE FOR TERRORISM;

  • 1. National Government Planning & Coordination
    • Government is committed to multisectoral pandemic preparedness
    • Federal government assures continuity of essential services
    • Criteria:Essential service role and responsibilities identified
      Promotes Business Continuity Planning
      Provides basic planning assumptions
  • 2. All sub-national government levels involved
    • Whether States and FCT level have multisectoral preparedness and response plan and operationalised. Including Local Governments
  • 3. Whole of society planning ie Civil Society, INGO and IGOs, Private Sector, Vulnerable groups.
    • All the above must have Preparedness and response structures to protect vulnerable groups …
  • 4. Sectoral planning and Continuity of Essential Services
    • These are listed as:
      • Health – Whether sector has response and business continuity plan that has been tested
      • Food – Whether sector has response and business continuity plan that has been tested
      • Water & Sanitation ( Portable water sewage & waste management) – Whether sector has response and business continuity plan that has been tested
      • Energy Sector – Whether sector has response and business continuity plan that has been tested
      • Public Security and Order – Whether sector has response and business continuity plan that has been tested
      • Finance – Whether sector has response and business continuity plan that has been tested
      • Telecommunications – Whether sector has response and business continuity plan that has been tested
      • Transport – Whether sector has response and business continuity plan that has been tested
        • Criteria:
        • Key Sector actors (public & private) are identifies and have been encouraged to plan
        • Guidance for key actors in sector is available
        • Hazard & Risk analysis has been completed for the sector.

All ministries, agencies, and infrastructures i.e NYANYA Park and others should have a BCP plan in place.  

Why this write up.

The Pandemic plan was co-authored by the USAID and other US related agencies, if they can slot in BUSINESS CONTINUITY PLANNING as the BASIS for managing disasters why are we not looking in this direction to solve our problems. A large number of our top and middle level government officials do not know anything about this subject matter.

A Business Continuity plan will have helped to mitigate this NYANYA Park disaster in the following ways;

A Risk assessment – will have brought out through imagination, foresight, and prior incidents that the park is vulnerable. Control measures to mitigate will be the following;

  • Separate Passenger drive in from the Bus Parks – Let the passengers walk with their load or with trolleys.
  • Have in place CCTV to capture movement of passengers and ongoing activities within.
  • Restructure the market to meet the 1st condition if possible.
  • etc

The effect is that, should there be an incident or a bomb blast, the POLICE, SSS and other agencies will have some form of intelligence to work with. Without this, we are laughing stock in the comity of advanced nations.

The steps within the BCP are:

The Ten Professional Practices are as follows:

Pre-Planning Stage

1. Program Initiation and Management

2. Risk Evaluation and Control

3. Business Impact Analysis

Planning Stage

4. Developing Business Continuity Strategies

5. Emergency Preparedness and Response

6. Developing and Implementing Business Continuity Plans

Post-Planning Stage

7. Awareness and Training Programs

8. Business Continuity Plan Exercise, Audit, and Maintenance

9. Crisis Communications

10. Coordination with External Agencies


The security agencies should start to have appetite and understand what business continuity planning is all about and how to use it to reduce to the barest minimum this incident of mass killing.

The words we hear such as ‘Citizens should go about their normal duty as the government or Police…’. These words are not inspiring, not soothing, they are reactive, not proactive. We should not be counting casualties in hundreds and thousands, not to talk of one life. The answer lies within the government archive and in possession of some of us reading this write-up.

Reacting after each blast is wickedness, mental laziness, a lack of ability to work, and lack of love for human lives.  

Please check the Nigerian Pandemic Response Plan.

I will explain more and break down the components of BCP if required.

You can ask for an extract of areas quoted above if interested.

Thank you.

Philip Keshiro

Attack on Schools in Yobe, Military-Private Partnership

Philip Keshiro, DRI Nigeria

To view this article in its original location, please click here.

I had an experience that will explain the topic above.

About 2 years ago, I was in Abuja, the outskirt, during the days when bombing of churches was the order of the day. I decided around 8 pm to go round and see churches around and get a firsthand experience why they have become easy targets.

The first church gave me all the reasons I needed. The church perimeter was in total darkness. The church (in my estimation) was on minimum of 2 plots of land, with only a building at the far end. While praises was on, only two bulbs where lighted at the entrance, the inside was fully lighted, and anyone can fully see through the activities going on while the onlooker is in darkness.

What are the Issues

  • There is no official or worker outside to monitor happenings outside the church.
  • Why should the perimeter be in total darkness without any illumination?
  • I could have easily dropped a bag containing explosive materials without anyone seeing me.
  • Okada riders were moving around even dropping church members that were late for service, no process of even passive access control by way of greeting and asking questions if a visitor or new member.
  • I stood in front of the church in darkness for more than 30 minutes, nobody noticed me.

The bible says Nehemiah was building with one hand, with the sword on the other hand.

The essence of this story is that the public, private and religious organizations MUST be conscious of its environment, should know about Safety, Security, and Emergency operations/Response.

Yobe Incident.

I do not have a firsthand knowledge of what transpired (but you can relate the story above to a normal school), however, it is important that ALL schools should have the knowledge to do a simple Risk Evaluation and Control of its environment looking at the following

  • Threats (What are the negative things that could happen to us)
  • Vulnerability (Weakness) – Lack of power in an environment at night where attacks can occur is a sure weakness (send the children home, turn the school to day).
  • Probability (Can the threat occur. Once you have such occurrence close to you, in another state with same characteristics, it can happen to you). The probability is High, Medium or Low.

With this you make your decision, and make it fast, without unnecessary protocols. Either you want to improve on your control (counter measures – in military) or you want to vacate the environment, since we are looking at loss of lives.  

ALL SCHOOLS (Primary, Secondary and Universities) should start to develop appetite for Safety/Security/Emergency Response capabilities comprehensively taught in Business Continuity Planning).

For the Schools: What they need to think about:

  • Do your Risk Evaluation and Control
  • You should be able to identify Applicable Emergency Preparedness & Response Regulation (If we have any)
  • You should identify the Potential types of emergencies and the resulting Scenarios / Imparts
  • Identify the Response Capabilities Needed for
    • Protection of Life Safety
      • Evacuation, Sheltering, Shelter-in-Place, Lock down
      • Ability to Account for personnel/students
  • Protection of Property
  • Protection of Environmental Contamination


Again, I cannot say I am an expert in military operations, but I can say a little with my knowledge in Business Continuity Planning.

One important thing I notice is that we do not have sophisticated communication system.

In modern warfare, communication is as important as eating with water. During the public show of the Terrorist Brigade in the army, with designing eye, I could not see any of the private, or officer with communication equipment, how do you communicate with the Operations center? It is not only the numbers that win a war in this modern warfare; communication plays a lot of role.

  • Newspaper report: How can an operation go on for 5 hours, without response?
  • How can the barracks be infiltrated (not once, or twice) and equipments damage?
  • How can we be recording deaths in hundreds or thousands on a monthly basis
  • Are there special teams within that are equipped with equipments needed?

A fighter jet even from Lagos should get to Yobe in 2 hours (at most) if informed and ready.

The damage caused by this type of reports is not good, and it makes us to be less than being happy to be called a Nigerian. We want to be proud of our military.

Communications capabilities should include the ability to gather information, coordinate activities, and disseminate instructions and information. ( DRI International) Do we have this?



The State Security like the Homeland Security in US, must promote Business Continuity planning within the private and public sector. This is what is done in US by the Homeland Security. The effect of lack of preparedness is directly related to unnecessary loss of lives.

The military needs the State Security to promote this standard to help detect crimes, and resilience needed during disasters within the public and private sectors.

You CANNOT fight terrorism without the knowledge of Business Continuity Planning. Other countries WILL NOT DISCLOSE THIS INFORMATION,

Please click on the links below:







You can also conduct your independent search on the internet. The government need to encourage this knowledge. If the United States, and other countries are using this knowledge, it is worthwhile that we take a second look at this topic.

Course Content of BCP


1.Program Initiation and Management
2.Risk Evaluation and Control
3.Business Impact Analysis
4.Developing Business Continuity Strategies
5.Emergency Preparedness and Response
6.Developing and Implementing Business Continuity Plans


7.Awareness and Training Programs
8.Business Continuity Plan Exercise, Audit, and Maintenance
9.Crisis Communications
10.Coordination with External Agencies