Lagos

BUSINESS CONTINUITY MANAGEMENT & DISASTER RISK REDUCTION (DRR)

Philip Keshiro, DRI Nigeria

The Sendai Framework for DRR 2015 is a great improvement to the Hygo Framework for Action 2005 – 2015: Building Resilience of Nations and Communities to Disasters.

Having gone through the Hygo Framework, I summarized it with a statement ‘Developing countries help your citizens’.

It was generally not ‘punchy’ and clear BECAUSE any time I get in contact with those implementing DRR, the question is “what has Business Continuity got to do with DRR? ”. Hence, the understanding was flawed (my opinion), implementation was without a clear direction, and coordination was very poor.

I have gone through the Sendal DRR 2015-2030, and I am impressed with the detail and technical terms as shown below – as lifted from the document

The Hyogo Framework for Action: lessons learned, gaps identified and future challenges

1. It is urgent and critical to anticipate, plan for and reduce disaster risk in order to more effectively protect persons, communities and countries, their livelihoods, health, cultural heritage, socioeconomic assets and ecosystems, and thus strengthen their resilience.
2. There has to be a broader and a more people-centred preventive approach to disaster risk. Disaster risk reduction practices need to be multi-hazard and multisectoral based, inclusive and accessible in order to be efficient and effective.
There is a need for the public and private sectors and civil society organizations, as well as academia and scientific and research institutions, to work more closely together and to create opportunities for collaboration, and for businesses to integrate disaster risk into their management practices.

It is important to know that my concept of developing countries is basically AFRICA (Nigeria).

Expected outcome and goal

1. To attain the expected outcome, the following goal must be pursued:

Prevent new and reduce existing disaster risk through the implementation of integrated and inclusive economic, structural, legal, social, health, cultural, educational, environmental, technological, political and institutional measures that prevent and reduce hazard exposure and vulnerability to disaster, increase preparedness for response and recovery, and thus strengthen resilience

The pursuance of this goal requires the enhancement of the implementation capacity __and capability of developing countries, in particular the least developed countries, small island developing States, landlocked developing countries and African countries, as well as middle-income countries facing specific challenges, including the mobilization of support through international cooperation for the provision of means of implementation in accordance with their national priorities.

Findings

1. The goals if it has to be pursued, the knowledge base of the custodians of the DRR must be improved. The international community and the United Nations MUST come out with CLEAR statement that gives direction to help the developing countries who may not understand how to get this ‘implementation capacity’. Most developed countries and leaders within DRR do not even have a clear understanding of Risk Management, Continuity Of Operations Plan (COOP), Business Continuity Planning/Management, Crisis Communication. They do not know how this concept can be used as effective tool in reducing disasters.
2. Economic disasters are not even regarded as disasters, because industries are not generally seen as part of the SYSTEM, meaning that there is no direct connection between financial disaster (collapse of one bank) and physical disasters. To us, until you have deaths running into millions, then you have disaster, without mincing word, you will be told that according to the UN definition of a disaster, ‘this is not a disaster’.
3. A need to go down to the basic of what constitute a disaster and what is a ‘disaster chain’.

III. Guiding principles

(b) Disaster risk reduction requires that responsibilities be shared by central Governments and relevant national authorities, sectors and stakeholders, as appropriate to their national circumstances and system of governance;

(e) Disaster risk reduction and management depends on coordination mechanisms within and across sectors and with relevant stakeholders at all levels, and. it requires the full engagement of all State institutions of an executive and legislative nature at national and local levels and a clear articulation of responsibilities across public and private stakeholders, including business and academia, to ensure mutual outreach, partnership, complementarity in roles and accountability and follow-up;

(g) Disaster risk reduction requires a multi-hazard approach and inclusive risk-informed decision-making based on the open exchange and dissemination of disaggregated data, including by sex, age and disability, as well as on the easily accessible, up-to-date, comprehensible, science-based, non-sensitive risk information, complemented by traditional knowledge;

(l) An effective and meaningful global partnership and the further strengthening of international cooperation, including the fulfillment of respective commitments of official development assistance by developed countries, are essential for effective disaster risk management;

Comments

As beautiful as this guiding principles is, it can ONLY be achieve when different agencies and organizations have a level of understanding which is derived from a standard. Only then can there be coordination (on the field). Each of this organization would have acquired some level of capacity development, have a functional plan in place (within their “different” agencies), which would have been exercise (based on this standard) before coming together as one.
Most cases, you find out that confusion and stampede is the order of the day, where you have those wielding executive power without basic disaster management skill. This is an area we need to walk on.

For (I), This is where DRI International has to form a global partnership with UN to train different nations on the basic knowledge required to anticipate disaster, plan, with the ability to respond, and recover and build better facility that have been damaged or destroyed, using the principles of Business Continuity Planning
.
IV. Priorities for action

1. Taking into account the experience gained through the implementation of the Hyogo Framework for Action, and in pursuance of the expected outcome and goal, there is a need for focused action within and across sectors by States at local, national, regional and global levels in the following four priority areas:
2. Understanding disaster risk;
3. Strengthening disaster risk governance to manage disaster risk;
4. Investing in disaster risk reduction for resilience;
5. Enhancing disaster preparedness for effective response, and to “Build Back Better” in recovery, rehabilitation and reconstruction.

Priority 1. Understanding disaster risk

1. Policies and practices for disaster risk management should be based on an understanding of disaster risk in all its dimensions of vulnerability, capacity, exposure of persons and assets, hazard characteristics and the environment. Such knowledge can be leveraged for the purpose of pre-disaster risk assessment, for prevention and mitigation and for the development and implementation of appropriate preparedness and effective response to disasters
National and local levels
2. To achieve this, it is important to:

(a) Promote the collection, analysis, management and use of relevant data and practical information. Ensure its dissemination, taking into account the needs of different categories of users, as appropriate;

(d) Systematically evaluate, record, share and publicly account for disaster losses and understand the economic, social, health, education, environmental and cultural heritage impacts, as appropriate, in the context of event-specific hazard-exposure and vulnerability information;

(l) Promote the incorporation of disaster risk knowledge, including disaster prevention, mitigation, preparedness, response, recovery and rehabilitation,__ in formal and non-formal education, as well as in civic education at all levels, as well as in professional education and training;

V. Role of stakeholders

1. While States have the overall responsibility for reducing disaster risk, it is a shared responsibility between Governments and relevant stakeholders. In particular, non-state stakeholders play an important role as enablers in providing support to States, in accordance with national policies, laws and regulations, in the implementation of the framework at local, national, regional and global levels. Their commitment, goodwill, knowledge, experience and resources will be required.

(c) Business, professional associations and private sector financial institutions, including financial regulators and accounting bodies, as well as philanthropic foundations, to: integrate disaster risk management, including business continuity, into business models and practices via disaster risk-informed investments, especially in micro, small and medium-sized enterprises; engage in awareness-raising and training for their employees and customers; engage in and support research and innovation as well as technological development for disaster risk management; share and disseminate knowledge, practices and non-sensitive data; and actively participate, as appropriate and under the guidance of the public sector, in the development of normative frameworks and technical standards that incorporate disaster risk management;

(o) Increase business resilience and protection of livelihoods and productive assets throughout the supply chains. Ensure continuity of services and integrate disaster risk management into business models and practices;

(g) Ensure the continuity of operations and planning, including social and economic recovery, and the provision of basic services in the post-disaster phase;

Conclusion

I have tried to highlight areas where developing countries or individuals will find simple and direct instructions as road map.

It is important to state here that based on my personal knowledge and experience, the knowledge of business continuity planning as packaged by DRI International, is the basic knowledge required that can help executives in DRR Management, DRR staff and ALL agencies of government and ministries. Without this knowledge, the African continent will only be moving round in circles without direction, this will be evidence in the following ways;

▪ Lack of understanding of basic terms used in disaster management evidenced during regional and international forums (some officials will ask what is COOP, or Business Continuity Planning – What are these got to do with disaster).

▪ Lack of coordinated response during disasters

▪ Without appropriate plans, proper exercising which should improve plan will not be conducted, if conducted it is used as ‘public show‘ without any aim

▪ Different agencies will be working at cross road, trying to gain popularity from disaster incidents instead of focusing on safety and prevent loss of lives.

It is important that we all take the management of disaster as a profession, and create an appetite for more knowledge in disaster management.

DRR/Safety Institutes, Federal Government, State Governments and Local Governments MUST strive to have the knowledge of Business Continuity Planning principles which is an appropriate tool for Disaster Risk Reduction and a MUST.

May I ask, are you certified?

Kindly contact us on the following; 08054561141, 08125377462, or onaskme@dri-nigeria.org for further inquiries.

Please see www.drii.org, www.dri-nigeria.org

Yours sincerely,

PHILIP KESHIRO ABCP, CISSP, CISA, COBIT 5, AIMIS, ACIA, AISPON, MBA
PROGRAM DIRECTOR

DRI Course Content

BCM - Year 2015 Schedule

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